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Different Types of Roofs for Residential and Commercial Houses

1 November 2023

Table of Contents

The various types of roofs used for residential and commercial buildings include Gable roofs, Hip roofs, Flat roofs, Asphalt roofs, Skillion roofs, Metal roofs, and PVC roofs. These common Australian roof type choices have distinct characteristics, advantages, and suitability for different purposes. It’s essential to select the right roof type to ensure the longevity and functionality of a residential or commercial building.

different types of roof 

Different Types of Roofs

The different types of roofs for residential and commercial buildings are Gabled roofs, Hipped roofs, Mansard roofs, Pitched roofs, Gambrel Roofs, Flat roofs, Shed roofs, Metal roofs,  Green eco-roofs, PVC roofs, Butterfly roofs, Asphalt roofs, Curved roofs, PVC roofs, Skillion roofs, Curved roofs, Butterfly roofs, Rubber roofs, Solar roofs, Sloped Roof with Shingles or Tiles, Modified Bitumen roofs, and other common architectural style roofs are popular in Australia.

  • Gable Roof: This is one of the most common residential roof types. It has two sloping sides that meet at a ridge, forming a triangular shape. Gable roofs are simple and cost-effective.
  • Hip Roof: A hip roof has slopes on all four sides, and they all meet at the top to form a ridge. Hip roofs are more stable and provide extra living or storage space in the attic.
  • Mansard Roof: Known for its distinct, almost flat top and steep sides, the Mansard roof allows for additional living space under the roof. It’s popular in historic and European-style homes.
  • Pitched Roof: They are generally used for roofs with steep inclines, making them well-suited for shedding rain and snow. Various styles, such as gable, hip, or mansard roofs, can be considered pitched roofs.
  • Gambrel Roof: This roof resembles a barn roof with two distinct inclines on each side. It maximises interior space and is often used for colonial or Dutch colonial-style homes.
  • Flat Roof: While not truly flat, these roofs have a low incline that allows for rooftop living areas or installing HVAC units. They are common in modern and minimalist design homes.
  • Shed Roof: A single-sloping plane roof commonly used for additions and smaller residential structures. It’s simple and cost-effective.
  • Skillion Roof: Also known as a shed roof, a skillion roof is a single sloping roof surface that is commonly used in modern residential architecture. It consists of a single, sloping surface that is angled in one direction, creating a minimalist and contemporary look.
  • Curved Roof: A curved roof, also known as an arch or barrel vault roof, features a gentle, continuous curve along its length. This type of roof is less common in residential architecture but can be used in unique and custom-designed homes to create a distinct and eye-catching appearance.
  • Metal Roof: Metal roofs are durable and long-lasting. They are often used in commercial and industrial buildings, providing excellent protection against the elements.
  • Green Roofs: These are environmentally friendly and covered with vegetation to improve insulation and reduce stormwater runoff. They are often used in commercial property to promote sustainability.
  • PVC Roof: PVC roofing membranes are known for their durability, energy efficiency, and chemical resistance. They are suitable for a variety of commercial applications.
  • Butterfly roof: The butterfly roof features two V-shaped inclines that meet in the middle, creating a valley. This roof design is contemporary and visually distinct, often allowing for unique interior spaces.
  • Rubber Roof: A rubber roof, known as EPDM roofing, is a durable and low-maintenance option for flat or low-slope residential roofs. It’s known for its resistance to weathering and UV radiation.
  • Solar Roof: A solar roof incorporates solar panels or shingles to generate sunlight and electricity. This environmentally friendly roofing option helps reduce energy costs and promotes sustainability.
  • Sloped Roof with Shingles or Tiles: Some commercial structures, particularly historic or aesthetically driven buildings, use inclined roofs with shingles or tiles for a more traditional and decorative look.
  • Modified Bitumen Roof: These roofs are a modified version of BUR, using a combination of asphalt and rubber modifiers. They offer flexibility and durability for commercial establishments.

Gable Roof

A roof that’s basically your home’s way of saying, ‘Look at me, I’ve got some style!’ It’s the classic triangular shape, like a slice of roof-shaped pizza.

gable roof

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Pros and Cons of Gabled Roofs

The pros of a gable roof include its excellent ventilation, as it allows for hot air to rise and escape easily. Additionally, it provides ample attic space, making it suitable for storage or potential living areas. However, gable roofs can be vulnerable to high winds and hurricanes due to their triangular shape, which may result in wind uplift and potential damage. To mitigate this, additional bracing and reinforcements may be required in regions prone to severe weather conditions.

Hip Roof

The ‘cool’ roof of the house – it’s got slopes on all four sides, and all the other roofs look up to it with envy.

hip roof

Pros and Cons of Hipped Roofs

The pros of a hip roof include its remarkable durability and long lifespan due to the absence of flat roof surfaces, reducing the risk of water pooling and leaks. This design also allows for efficient rain and snow runoff. Additionally, hip roofs are aesthetically pleasing, offering a timeless and classic appearance. However, the cons of a hip roof include the fact that it can be more complex and costly to build compared to other roof styles due to the additional framing required. The slanting sides also reduce the available attic space, limiting storage or living areas.

Mansard Roof

The ‘two-faced’ roof that’s all business at the top but lets its hair down at the bottom. It’s like the mullet of roofs – business on the top, party underneath

Mansard Roof

Pros and Cons of Mansard Roofs

A Mansard roof is a distinctive choice when choosing a roof, known for its versatility and aesthetic appeal; its steep lower slope provides additional living or storage space, making it highly sought after for maximising interior usage. However, the cons of a Mansard roof include its intricate design, which can lead to higher construction costs, and the potential for increased maintenance due to the numerous surfaces and dormers, which may be more susceptible to leaks over time.

Gambrel roof

The roof that’s having an identity crisis – it starts steep, but then it’s like, ‘Nah, let’s go shallow.’ It’s the rebellious teenager of roofing styles.

Gambrel roof

Pros and Cons of Gambrel Roofs

The pros of a Gambrel roof include its excellent capacity for creating additional living or storage space, which is highly advantageous for homeowners looking to make the most of their interiors. It also offers a classic and timeless aesthetic appeal. However, the cons of a Gambrel roof encompass the complexity of its design, which may result in higher construction costs. Additionally, its unique shape can make it more challenging to maintain and repair, potentially requiring increased maintenance efforts over time to ensure it remains weather-tight and free from leaks.

Flat Roof

The ‘tabletop’ of roofs, where you can have a picnic, host a rooftop party, or just give your acrophobia a real workout. It’s not really flat, but it’s where all the rooftop fun happens!

Flat Roof

Pros and Cons of Flat Roofs

A flat roof is a popular roof type known for its modern and minimalist appearance. The pros of a flat roof include the ease of installation, cost-effectiveness, and the potential for additional outdoor living space like rooftop gardens and patios. However, the cons of a flat roof involve drainage issues, as water can accumulate, potentially leading to leaks and structural damage. Regular maintenance is essential to ensure proper water runoff and prevent pooling. Additionally, flat roofs may have a shorter lifespan compared to some sloped roof types, which can lead to more frequent replacement and maintenance costs over time.

Shed Roof/ Skillion Roof

The ‘lean-to’ of roofs, like that old shed in your backyard that leans against the garage. It’s simple and functional and gives your house that ‘I’m-too-cool-to-be-symmetrical’ vibe.

Skillion Roof

Pros and Cons of Skillion Roof

A Shed Roof, also known as a Skillion Roof, stands out among different roof types due to its simple and contemporary design, featuring a single, sloping plane. The pros of a Shed Roof include its minimalistic and sleek aesthetic, making it a popular choice for modern architectural designs. It’s also relatively easy and cost-effective to construct. However, the cons of a Shed Roof involve its limited space under the roof due to the single slope. This design can be less efficient at shedding heavy snow and rain, which may lead to water pooling issues. Additionally, the asymmetrical design can result in less balanced weight distribution, potentially requiring additional structural considerations.

Also Read: Skillion Roof vs. Gable Roof: Know the Difference

Curved Roof

The roof that just can’t stay in line – it’s got those smooth, wavy lines that make all the other roofs jealous. It’s like the roof equivalent of dancing in the rain!

Curved Roof

Pros and Cons of Curved Roofs

The pros of a curved roof include its visually striking and contemporary appearance, adding a distinct character to a building’s design. They can also enhance natural light distribution and provide better rainwater drainage. However, curved roofs are often more complex and expensive to construct due to the need for specialised materials and skilled labour. Maintenance and repairs can also be challenging, as traditional roofing methods may not apply, making them less cost-effective in the long run.

Metal Roof

The roof is as tough as nails and reflects the sun’s rays like a pro. It’s like the rock star of roofing – it’ll outlast us all and shine while doing it!

Metal Roof

Pros and Cons of Metal Roofs

The pros of metal roofs include their exceptional durability, often outlasting other roofing materials. They are resistant to fire, rot, and pests, which adds to their longevity. Additionally, metal roofs reflect sunlight, making them energy-efficient and reducing cooling costs. However, the cons include the potential for increased noise during heavy rain or hailstorms. The installation cost can be higher than traditional roofing materials, although the long-term benefits may offset this initial expense. Metal roofs can also expand and contract with temperature fluctuations, potentially causing issues over time if not properly installed.

Green Roof

The eco-conscious roof that’s all about the green life – it’s like your house’s way of growing a stylish beard. Not just a roof, but a statement for sustainability!

green roof

Pros and Cons of Green Eco Roofs

On the positive side, green roofs provide excellent insulation, helping regulate indoor temperatures and potentially reducing energy costs. They also absorb rainwater, reducing the risk of flooding and stormwater runoff. Moreover, they contribute to improved air quality and provide habitat for wildlife. However, it’s essential to note that roof maintenance can be a bit more complex with green roofs due to the need for regular care and plant maintenance. Additionally, the initial installation cost can be higher, and the roof is extremely heavy, necessitating structural reinforcement.

Butterfly roof

The roof that’s all about those ‘wings’ that make it take off from the ordinary. It’s like the rooftop version of a majestic butterfly – soaring high and leaving an impression!

Butterfly roof

Pros and Cons of Butterfly Roofs

The pros of butterfly roofs include their unique and eye-catching appearance, allowing for large, dramatic windows that enhance natural lighting and ventilation. They are also well-suited for rainwater collection and solar panel installation, making them eco-friendly choices. However, the cons encompass potential challenges with maintenance due to the complex shape and the increased cost of construction compared to more traditional roof styles. Additionally, the inward slope can limit the potential for additional living or storage space under the roof, which may not be ideal for some homeowners.

Rubber Roof

The roof that’s as tough as your grandma’s famous rubbery meatloaf – it’s durable, weather-resistant, and can handle whatever’s thrown at it. It’s like the bodyguard of roofing

Rubber Roof

Pros and Cons of Rubber Roofs

On the positive side, rubber roofs are highly durable and weather-resistant, making them a reliable choice for many property owners. They are also relatively cost-effective compared to some other roofing materials, both in terms of installation and maintenance. These roofs have minimal maintenance requirements and are easy to repair if damage occurs, contributing to their cost-efficiency. However, it’s important to note that rubber roofs may not offer the same aesthetic appeal as some other roofing options, as they typically have a plain and simple appearance. While they are durable, their longevity may not match that of certain premium roofing materials.

Solar Roof

The roof that’s not just overhead but overachieving – it’s busy soaking up the sun to power your home. It’s like your roof’s side gig as a sun-chasing superhero

Solar Roof

Pros and Cons of Solar Roofs

The primary advantage of solar roofs is their capacity to generate clean and renewable energy, reducing electricity bills and lowering the carbon footprint. They are an excellent option for sustainability-minded individuals and institutions. Solar roofs can also enhance property value and often qualify for government incentives or rebates. However, it’s crucial to consider the initial cost, which can be higher due to the installation of solar panels or shingles. Maintenance is generally low, but repairs may be needed over time.

Sloped type of Roof with Shingles/Tiles

The ‘hair and makeup’ of roofs always looks its best with those stylish shingles and tiles. It’s the red carpet-ready roof, making your house the star of the neighbourhood!

Sloped type of Roof with ShinglesTiles

Pros and Cons of Sloped Roofs

On the positive side, sloped roofs efficiently shed rainwater and snow, reducing the risk of leaks and water damage. They also allow for effective attic ventilation, which can improve energy efficiency and prevent moisture buildup. Sloped roofs come in a variety of architectural styles and materials, allowing for aesthetic versatility. However, it’s important to note that the construction and installation of sloped roofs can be more labour-intensive and may require additional materials. Additionally, the use of sloped roofs can limit the available interior space in some cases.

Also Read: Different types of shingles for roof

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Modified Bitumen Roof Type

The roof has a bit of an identity crisis, where asphalt meets rubber to create a weather-resistant superhero. It’s like the Batman of roofing, ready to protect your home from the elements.

Modified Bitumen Roof Type

Pros and Cons of Modified Bitumen Roofs

On the plus side, they are highly durable and capable of withstanding harsh weather conditions, including UV rays and temperature fluctuations. These roofs are often used in commercial and industrial settings due to their reliable performance. Additionally, modified bitumen roofs can also be used for residential buildings seeking a cost-effective and long-lasting roofing option. However, it’s important to consider that the installation process can be more complex, requiring professional expertise. Maintenance may also be necessary over time to ensure the roof’s continued performance.

Explore different Architectural style Roof designs and Roof materials with Dhursan!

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Whether you are renovating an existing roof, planning a new roof installation, or looking for low-maintenance options, we offer expertise in various roof shapes, including those perfect for modern homes. Uncover the possibilities to elevate your property with our roofing solutions.

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